The Internet is a global network that comprises many voluntarily interconnected autonomous networks. It operates without a central governing body. The technical underpinning and standardization of the core protocols ( IPv4 and IPv6 ) is an activity of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), a non-profit organization of loosely affiliated international participants that anyone may associate with by contributing technical expertise. To maintain interoperability, the principal name spaces of the Internet are administered by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). ICANN is governed by an international board of directors drawn from across the Internet technical, business, academic, and other non-commercial communities. ICANN coordinates the assignment of unique identifiers for use on the Internet, including domain names , Internet Protocol (IP) addresses, application port numbers in the transport protocols, and many other parameters. Globally unified name spaces are essential for maintaining the global reach of the Internet. This role of ICANN distinguishes it as perhaps the only central coordinating body for the global Internet. 
Apart from this, even the government and corporate schemes are expected to boost the Internet penetration in India. The report says the Centre’s much touted Digital India Initiative is expected to bring broadband connectivity to lakh villages and aims to achieve net zero imports by the year 2020. Even tech giants have also put a step forward to capitalise on Digital India Initiative by Google launching Project Loom, Microsoft , with its project ‘White Space’ and Facebook exploring drone technology, all of them experimenting closely to boost Internet penetration in India.